Mark gospel dating
Luke may possibly have developed John Mark in the book of Acts not only for literary reasons within the book, but because he was a source which Luke used 4. The tone and message of the Gospel are encouraging to Roman believers who were encountering persecution and expecting more (-38; ; 13:9-13) 9.There is evidence in Mark that it was written for Gentiles (perhaps from Rome): a. Mark interprets Hebrew (Aramaic) words (; ,34; ) c. There is evidence that the writer was from Palestine: a. Mark assumes that his readers are familiar with the main characters, so he writes with more of a theological interest rather than a biological interest 10.He understood Jewish institutions and customs (; ,16,18; 7:2-4) 6. In view of Christian martyrdom, Christ is presented as the One who continues to speak and act meaningfully in the context of crisis B. The language is less elaborate and more popular than Luke or Matthew 2. Mark uses “immediately” intimating vividness and excitement to the action 4.There is evidence that the author was connected with Peter: a. Mark uses the historical present over 150 times making Jesus a contemporary of those reading (narrative tells what happens, not simply what happened) 5.John-Mark is mentioned elsewhere in the biblical material: a. He was added to Paul and Barnabas’ party when they visited Jerusalem for the famine relief (Acts ) d.He was a Jewish Christian whose mother, Mary, owned a home in Jerusalem where the early church met (Acts ) b. He went with Barnabas and Saul (Paul) on the first missionary journey, but turned back to Jerusalem when they went inland to Asia at Perga in Pamphylia (Acts 13:5,13) e.The inclusion of the unique words “and Peter” in 16:7 d. It is also possible that Irenaeus is not referring to the death of Peter so much as to his departure (fÑª¢ª*) from the place where Mark was c. Mark is seeking for his readers to make a decision (cf. Jesus has sovereign power over all: disease, disability, demons, nature.
The use of Peter’s words and deeds (,32-33; 9:5-6; -30; -31,66-72) c. Perhaps Mark began his gospel before Peter’s death, and completed it after Peter’s death b. Mark puts his readers in the scene where they may visualize and feel what the evangelist has described: especially by making parenthetical statements (; , etc.) C. Mark emphasizes Jesus’ action more than his teaching (18 miracles, and 4 parables).
) 2) Paul instructed Timothy to send Mark to Rome to be with him during his final imprisonment because he was useful to him for service (2 Tim. When 1 Peter was written, Mark was with Peter in Rome and regarded as Peter’s spiritual son (1 Peter ) 2. Evidence from the Gospel supports the affirmations of the church fathers: 1. Few OT quotations or references to fulfilled prophecy are used 7.
It is unlikely that the early church would have assigned the authorship of a Gospel to a person of secondary, and even “questionable” history as John Mark since he was neither an apostle, nor a person of prominence in the early church 3. Aramaic expressions are translated (; ; ,34; ; ; ; ,34) 2. Latin terms are used rather than Greek equivalents (5:9; ; ,42; ,39) 4. He alone identifies Simon of Cyrene as the father of Alexander and Rufus (; cf. Mark is concerned for all of the nations and has a gentile, Roman centurion proclaim Jesus’ deity at the end of the Gospel (029; --; ; ; 14:9; ) 8.
This is portrayed through many of the portraits of Jesus and the Twelve c.
Jesus as Messiah is being portrayed as caring for his children--the disciples d.